This March was India’s hottest in 122 years | India News – Times of India

Last month was the hottest March in India’s recorded history since 1901, data from the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has revealed.
The month this year exceeded the average highest temperature record ever in March 2010. India’s average monthly daytime temperature in 2010 had risen to 33.09ºC. March 2022, however, recorded 33.1ºC as its average daytime temperature, which exceeded all previous heat records for the month.
The month of 2020 was also the warmest March ever for northwestern India, and the second warmest for central India. Both regions had seen successive heat waves this year as early as the beginning of summer or before the monsoon season.
Rajendra Jenamani, a researcher at the National Weather Forecasting Center, IMD, told TOI: “Globally, too, the hottest years have been among the last two decades. Climate change is affecting severe weather intensity and duration, including in India and with heavy rainfall. ”
Over the years, Jenamani said, dry periods have become longer in some cases, extreme amounts of rain have increased and hot periods have become hotter.
“The second half of March this year had markedly high daytime temperatures in several parts of the country, but minimal rainy periods. Places like Delhi, Haryana and mountain stations in the north also reported periods of above-normal daytime temperatures in March, he says.
Several stations, including Delhi, Chandrapur, Jammu, Dharamsala, Patiala, Dehradun, Gwalior, Kota and Pune, also recorded record daytime temperatures in March 2022. “Coal stations in the western Himalayan region also recorded very high daytime temperatures recently, as above normal with 7ºC “A maximum temperature of 34ºC-35ºC in March in a hill station like Dehradun, Dharamsala or Jammu is really a high value,” he said.
The maximum heat zone in summer is generally over inner Maharashtra, Gujarat, Telangana and Orissa. “This time it was over even in the regions that are supposed to be much cooler. An example of this is the western Himalayan region. We have not seen such a case in a long time,” says Jenamani.
IITM researcher Roxy Mathew Koll said: “In recent decades, global warming has been accelerating and its marks can be seen during any day of global weather since the 21st century. A positive aspect is that the heat wave forecasts for IMD have improved, “And people are listening to these forecasts for rapid action. We should not stop at short-term action because the frequency and intensity of heat waves are expected to increase further.”
Koll added, “We must have a long-term vision where we have policies that help us manage our working hours, public infrastructure, schools, buildings, hospitals, transportation and agriculture for heat waves to come.”
According to IMD, the observed average maximum, minimum and average temperatures for the country during March 2022 were 33.1ºC, 20.24ºC and 26.67ºC respectively, compared to the normal of 31.24ºC, 18.87ºC and 25.06ºC (based on climate) period 1981-2010). Thus, the mean highs, averages the lowest and the mean temperature were above normal with 1.86ºC, 1.37ºC and 1.61ºC for India as a whole.
The average maximum temperature in March 2022 was a record high, with the anomaly 1.86 ° C, the average night temperature in India was the third highest since 1901 and the average temperature during the month was the second highest in India’s recorded history.

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